Taylor

Made for Games

Cheat Sheet

This is a lovely little overview of the basics of Taylor, if you’re looking for the full documentation head on over to here.

Index

Window

# Opens a window with width 800 pixels and height 480 pixels.
init_window(800, 480)
# Wrap all your drawing methods in this block.
drawing do # Do stuff end
# Clears the screen with black, defaults to a nice white if no colour is specified.
clear(colour: BLACK)
# Closes the window.
close_window

Utility

# Set the framerate we're trying to achieve.
set_target_fps(144)
# Get the current framerate.
get_fps
# Get the amount of time since last frame, also known as the delta.
get_frame_time

Audio

# Sets up the audio device so we can play music and sounds.
init_audio_device
# Sets the master volume to 80%.
set_master_volume(0.8)
# Closes the audio device, no more music or sound can be played after this.
close_audio_device

Keyboard Input

# Has the A key been pressed since last frame?
key_pressed?(KEY_A)
# Has the W key been released since last frame?
key_released?(KEY_W)
# Is the space bar being held down?
key_down?(KEY_SPACE)
# Is the enter key not being pressed?
key_up?(KEY_ENTER)
# Returns the key code since last called, call more than once if there's a queue.
get_key_pressed
# Returns the char code since last called, call more than once if there's a queue.
get_char_pressed

Mouse Input

# Has the left mouse button been pressed since last frame?
mouse_button_pressed?(MOUSE_LEFT_BUTTON)
# Has the right mouse button been released since last frame?
mouse_button_released?(MOUSE_RIGHT_BUTTON)
# Is the middle mouse button being held down?
mouse_button_down?(MOUSE_MIDDLE_BUTTON)
# Is the middle mouse button not being pressed?
key_up?(MOUSE_MIDDLE_BUTTON)
# Returns a vector with the current position of the mouse cursor.
get_mouse_position
# Sets the mouse cursor position to 25, 50.
set_mouse_position(25, 50)
# Gets how much the mouse wheel has moved.
get_mouse_wheel_move

Touch Input

# Returns a vector with the current touch position.
get_touch_position

Gamepad Input

# Is the gamepad at the specified index available?
gamepad_available?(0)
# Gets the name of the gamepad at the specified index.
get_gamepad_name(0)
# Has the top right side button (EG: Y or triangle) been pressed since last frame?
gamepad_button_pressed?(0, GAMEPAD_BUTTON_RIGHT_FACE_UP)
# Has the left trigger been released since last frame?
gamepad_button_released?(0, GAMEPAD_BUTTON_LEFT_TRIGGER_2)
# Is the middle right button (EG: start) being held down?
gamepad_button_down?(0, GAMEPAD_BUTTON_MIDDLE_RIGHT)
# Is the left thumbstick not being pressed?
gamepad_button_up?(0, GAMEPAD_BUTTON_LEFT_THUMB)
# How many joysticks does the specified gamepad have?
get_gamepad_axis_count(0)
# Get the movement from the left joystick for the specified gamepad.
get_gamepad_axis_movement(0, 0)

Vector2

# Creates a vector with at position 20, 20
vector = Vector2.new(20, 20)
# Where on the x axis is the vector in pixels?
vector.x
# Where on the y axis is the vector in pixels?
vector.y

Rectangle

# Creates a new rectangle at position 10, 10 with width 50 and height 80.
rectangle = Rectangle.new(10, 10, 50, 80)
# Where on the x axis is the rectangle in pixels?
rectangle.x
# Where on the y axis is the rectangle in pixels?
rectangle.y
# How many pixels wide is the rectangle?
rectangle.width
# How many pixels tall is the rectangle?
rectangle.height
# Draw the rectangle in black.
rectangle.draw(colour: BLACK)
# Draw the outline of the rectangle in black.
rectangle.draw(outline: true, colour: BLACK)
# Draw the rectangle in black with rounded corners.
rectangle.draw(rounded: true, radius: 0.25, colour: BLACK)
# Draw the outline of the rectangle in black with rounded corners.
rectangle.draw(outline: true, rounded: true, radius: 0.25, colour: BLACK)

Texture

# Load the texture from ./assets/cool.png.
texture = Texture2D.load("./assets/cool.png")
# How many pixels wide is the texture?
texture.width
# How many pixels tall is the texture?
texture.height
# Draw the texture to the Rectangle's position and size.
texture.draw(destination: rectangle)
# Draw the texture rotated 90 degrees clockwise.
texture.draw(destination: rectangle, rotation: 90)
# Unload the texture from memory, you will no longer be able to draw it.
texture.unload

Image

# Load the image from ./assets/cool.png.
image = Image.load("./assets/cool.png")
# Generates a 128x64 image full of white pixels.
image = Image.generate(width: 128, height: 64, colour: WHITE)
# How many pixels wide is the image?
image.width
# How many pixels tall is the image?
image.height
# Saves the image to output.png.
image.export("./output.png")
# Copies the specified region into a new image, if source is not defined it copies the whole image.
different_image = image.copy(source: Rectangle.new(0,0,10,10))
# Converts the image to a Texture2D
image.to_texture
# Scales the image to be the specified size.
image.resize!(width: 256, height: 128)
# Crops the image to the specified Rectangle.
image.crop!(Rectangle.new(0,0,64,32))
# Applies the specified alpha mask to the image.
image.alpha_mask = Image.load("./alpha.png")
# Flips the image horizontally.
image.flip_horizontal!
# Flips the image vertically.
image.flip_vertical!
# Rotates the image 90 degrees in the specified direction. (:cw for clockwise and :ccw for counter-clockwise)
image.rotate!(:ccw)
# Tints the image with the specified colour.
image.tint!(BLUE)
# Inverts all the colours in the image.
image.invert!
# Changes all the colours in the image to grayscale.
image.grayscale!
# Changes the contrast in the image, must be between -100 and 100.
image.contrast!(10)
# Changes the brightness in the image, must be between -255 and 255.
image.brightness!(50)
# Changes all GREEN in the image to BLUE.
image.replace!(GREEN, BLUE)
# Unload the image from memory.
image.unload

Font

# Load the font from ./assets/neat.ttf.
font = Font.load("./assets/neat.ttf")
# Draws "Hello" at the vector position at size 16 and red.
font.draw("Hello", position: vector, size: 16, colour: RED)
# Returns a Vector2 with the width and height of the rendered text as x and y respectively.
font.measure("Hello", size: 16)
# Returns an image of "G'day" in size 16 font and violet.
font.to_image("G'day", font_size: 16, colour: VIOLET)
# Unloads the font from memory. It can no longer be used to draw text.
font.unload

Music

# Load the music from ./assets/cool_song.mp3.
music = Music.load("./assets/cool_song.mp3")
# Starts the playback of the music.
music.play
# Updates the music stream, this must be called every game loop.
music.update
# Stops the music playing, you need to call music.play to start it again.
music.stop
# Pauses the music from playing, you need to call music.resume to start it again.
music.pause
# Resumes paused music.
music.resume
# Is the music currently playing?
music.playing?
# How long is the music?
music.length
# How long has the music been playing?
music.played
# Sets the volume of the music, must be between 0 and 1 inclusive.
music.volume = 0.8
# Sets the pitch of the music.
music.pitch = 1.2
# Unloads the music from memory. It can no longer be played.
music.unload

Sound

# Load the sound from ./assets/jump.mp3.
sound = Sound.load("./assets/jump.mp3")
# Starts the playback of the sound.
sound.play
# Sets the volume of the sound, must be between 0 and 1 inclusive.
sound.volume = 0.8
# Sets the pitch of the sound.
sound.pitch = 1.2
# Stops all currently playing sounds.
Sound.stop
# How many sounds are currently playing?
Sound.playing
# Unloads the sound from memory. It can no longer be played.
sound.unload

Camera2D

# Creates a new camera object with no rotation and no zoom.
camera = Camera2D.new(Vector2::ZERO, Vector2::ZERO, 0, 1)
# Sets the camera target to be 160 pixels along the x axis.
camera.target.x = 160
# Sets the camera target to be 120 pixels along the y axis.
camera.target.y = 120
# Sets the camera offset to be 30 pixels along the x axis.
camera.offset.x = 30
# Sets the camera offset to be 40 pixels along the y axis.
camera.offset.y = 40
# Wrap all your drawing methods in this block and it will be rendered as though viewed through the camera.
camera.drawing do # Do stuff end
# Takes a vector with world coordinates and translates it to what it would be if viewed through the camera.
camera.convert_to_camera_position(Vector2::ZERO)
# Takes a vector with camera coordinates and translates it to what it would be in the world.
camera.convert_to_world_position(Vector2::ZERO)